WordNet® is a large lexical database of English with up to 140,000 entries and more than 1.4 million words, developed by the Cognitive Science Laboratory at Princeton University.
Instead of following the standard dictionary format, the WordNet dictionary is organized with an innovative and convenient approach. Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are grouped into sets of cognitive synonyms, interlinked by means of conceptual-semantic and lexical relations. In addition to the straightforward definition the dictionary shows how each word is linked to other words in terms of synonyms, opposites and similar words, but also hyponyms and hyperlinks within the group.
Anatomy - Greek. From “ana” up, and “tomy” dissect.
Artery - Latin. Means “air holder”. Carries oxygenated blood. With the last contraction of the heart, blood goes out through the arteries. In early medicine, it was thought that, “If there is no blood, it must hold air.”
Genitals - Latin. From “genesis”. Means “birth”.
Carotid - Latin. From “carotides”. Means “stupor” because it was thought that compression of the carotid arteries would cause stupor. In neck; carry blood to the brain.
Stupor - Latin. Means “to be amazed or stunned”. A state of near unconsciousness or insensibility such as “a drunken stupor”.
Uterus - Latin. Means “hysteria”. Female genital organ where babies develop.
Femur - Latin. Means “thigh”. Bone located within the thigh; also the largest bone of the human body.
Penis - Latin. Means “tail”. Male genital organ that transfers sperm during copulation; also used for urination.
… It helps you remember what words mean! If you study a very complicated subject, such as science, there are a lot of terms you need to know. Science terminology, especially medical terminology, is practically a whole ‘nother language. So it’s important that you not only learn what words mean, but also that you can remember them. What good is it to spend time memorizing something if you’re just going to forget it?
Dr. Marian C. Diamond, professor of Integrative Biology at the University of California Berkeley suggests the above in her lectures. I will be periodically posting anatomy terminology/derivation (as well as what I learned) as I watch the lectures on YouTube. You can find them here. It is also important to note that within the subject of anatomy and physiology, most words are derived from Latin and Greek. So if you happen to be a future/current med student, learning one or both of those languages would be helpful to your studies.